Toros University

Department of Translation and Interpretation

Year 2019-2020
Semester Fall
Course Code MTB 105
Course Title Structure of Language
Instructor Prof. Dr. S. Yeşim Aksan
The aim of this course is to enable the students to describe the structure of English and Turkish and to make morphological and syntactic analysis in context of use.


Course Outline
Week Topics Assignments
10.09.2019 Introduction: Aims and content of the course
17-18.09.2019 The concept of language Fromkin, Rodman, Hymas chapter 1; 

chapter 1pptx

chapter 1 exercise

24-25.09.2019 The structure of language Kroger
01-02.10.2019 The structure of words

Morphemes and classes of words

Fromkin, Rodman, Hymas, chapter 2 (pp.35-43)

Yavuz, Balcı

Crystal, morphology


08-09.10.2019 Rules of word formation Fromkin, Rodman, Hymas, chapter 2 (pp.43-49)



15-16.10.2019 The hierarchical structure of word

Word formation processes



Fromkin, Rodman, Hymas chapter 2 (pp.49-52)

FRH chapter 2 (52-60)

Yavuz, Balcı

Word formation in Turkish

Derivation in Turkish



Grammatical categories: Inflections

Nominal categories: Number, gender and case

Verbal and nominal categories: Agreement


Yavuz, Balcı


30.10.2019 Verbal categories: Tense-Aspect-Modality (TAM); voice  

Yavuz, Balcı


05.11.2019 Midterm exam
12-13.11.2019 Turkish-English contrastive morphology: An overview


The structure of sentences

Constituents, sentence structure and phrase structure

Sezer, pp. 91-112

Crystal, syntax

FRH, chp.3

FRH, chp.3 exercise


Constituents, sentence structure and phrase structure

Clause grammar

Turan& Köse

BCL, phrase structure

BLC exercise

BCL, clause pattern;

BCL clause grammar


Clause grammar

Dependent Clause




BCL, dependent clause



Complex sentences: Noun clause

Complex sentences: Adjective clause



Sezer pp. 61-75

Sezer pp. 61-75


10-11.12.2019 Complex sentences: Adverbial clause


Sezer pp.77-88


17.12.2019 Revision


Textbook(s) Biber, D., S. Conrad, G.Leech 2002. Longman Student Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London: Longman.

Fromkin, V., R. Rodman & N.Hyams 2017. An Introducution to Language. 11th edition. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Kroeger, P. 2005. Analyzing Grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sezer, A. 1995.Turkish-English Contrastive. Grammar.

Turan, Ü. D. & Köse,G. 2011. Turkish Syntax, Semantics, Pragmatics and Discourse. Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi.

Yavuz, H. & A. Balcı 2011. Turkish Phonology and Morphology. Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi.


Supplementary Reading(s) Crystal, D. 2002. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Second Edition. Cambridge: CUP.

Göksel, A. , C. Kerslake 2011. Turkish: An essential grammar. London: Longman.


Mid-Term  40      40
Final 60     60
STUDENT REQUIREMENTS                                                
  • It is the student’s responsibility to record and follow his own attendance. (For the percentages, refer to the University’s Education Guide.)
  • Students should not enter the classroom after the class has been started.
  • Students who do not bring their course materials are not allowed to enter the class.
  • Cell phones should be turned off, or set to vibrate for emergency during the class. Camera, tape or video recording is not allowed if not stated otherwise.
  • It is the student’s responsibility to practice the highest standards of academic honesty. Cheating, plagiarism and any other form of academic dishonesty will not be tolerated.
  • Assignments submitted later than the indicated dates are not accepted. Deadlines should strictly be followed.
  • It is the student’s responsibility to obtain missed information from another student, not from the instructor.